Due to its geographical location, Rwanda continues to host thousands of refugees mostly from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in refugee camps as well as in urban settings. March 2014 figures of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) indicate that there were almost 75,000 refugees, hosted in four camps in Rwanda in 2013: namely Gihembe, Kiziba, Nyabiheke and Kigeme. As the influx from the DRC continues, the Government of Rwanda has established a fifth refugee camp in Mugombwa.
UNHCR projects that the number of refugees may rise to almost 91,000 persons, in 2014. With their prospects for return being uncertain, IOM Rwanda continues to assist in the resettlement of refugees to the third countries.
From 2010 to 2013, IOM Rwanda facilitated resettlement activities and final departures for 2,646 individual refugees from Rwanda under different programmes to the United States, Belgium, Canada, Australia, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. The refugee movements are organized through IOM’s worldwide network of strategic offices in close collaboration with UNHCR and other international agencies, governmental bodies, NGOs and other private sponsors.
In addition, IOM assists cases of family reunification, emergency and stranded migrants such as individuals whose application for asylum was rejected or withdrawn, victims of trafficking, unaccompanied migrant children and those with health-related needs.