The United Nations has been a fundamental partner for the reconstruction of Rwanda after the genocide against the Tutsi in 1994. In 2008, Rwanda was selected with 7 other countries to become a pilot country for the UN reform known as "Delivering as One" or "One UN". Currently 12 resident and 10 non-resident agencies work in Rwanda. Between 2013-2018, the One UN Rwanda has budgeted around US$411 million to assist Rwanda in its development efforts.
The One United Nations in Rwanda is convened under the UN Resident Coordinator System. Resident Coordinators (RC), with the support of the Resident Coordinator Office (RCO), help to improve the effectiveness of UN operations at the country level by drawing upon the support, expertise and guidance of the entire UN Country Team to deliver more coordinated programmes and better development results.
The Resident Coordinator, who is funded and managed by UNDP, lead the UN country team and is the designated representative of the Secretary-General for development operations.
When the Secretary-General launched Delivering as One, Rwanda's governments as part of a group of eight countries—Albania, Cape Verde, Mozambique, Pakistan, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uruguay, and Viet Nam—volunteered to become “Delivering as One” pilot. The pilot countries agreed to work with the UN system to capitalize on the strengths and comparative advantages of the different members of the UN family.
Together they are experimenting with ways to increase the UN system’s impact through more coherent programmes, reduced transaction costs for governments, and lower overhead costs for the UN system.
The UN Country Team is composed of representatives of the UN funds, programmes, specialized agencies and other UN entitites accredited to or having activities in the country.